They are comprised of two basic steps, the scaling and the polishing.
So, just what is involved in scaling and polishing?
Simply, “scaling” refers to the process of scraping off the hardened pieces of plaque and tartar that are stuck to your teeth using a modern ultrasonic scaler. These are available at almost all dental clinics. Previously stainless steel scrappers were available for scaling but they have become obsolete after advent of ultrasonic scalers.
With ultrasonic scalers process has become much faster and virtually free of any side effects because it does not cause damage to teeth enamel.
‘Polishing’ refers to smoothening of teeth surface so that is becomes shiny and smooth which prevents any accumulation of food on it. This is done after teeth scaling. A polish is applied on all teeth surfaces and then it is smoothened using a rotating disc like instrument.